The Mugello area and its history
The Mugello is a huge valley a few kilometres from Florence
Quaint, ancient, intricately constructed towns are situated fairly close to one another along the flow of the Sieve River. What was once an area dominated by important Etruscan developments later becomes, in Roman times, the site of numerous colonies and hamlets. Later the Guidi and Ubaldini families, the medieval lords of the territory, come into conflict with the city of Florence, which was expanding and searching for “new lands”. The territory witnesses a remarkable period of growth in the 14th century because the Mugello basin represents an extremely important strategic and economic asset for Florence.
The Medici route
Villa Medicea of Cafaggiolo, one of the favourite residences of Lorenzo the Magnificent, and a splendid example of Renaissance architecture; not far away the Trebbio Castle another magnificent construction, the Bosco ai Frati Convent with a precious woooden Crucifix by Donatello, the Fortress of San Martino (San Piero a Sieve)
The Parish Churches and Shrines
The romanesque Parish Church of San Lorenzo with its valuable Madonna attributed to Giotto (in Borgo S. Lorenzo), San Giovanni Maggiore Parish Church in Panicaglia and San Cresci in Valcava, the Parish Church of Sant' Agata, the most illustrious sacred building in Mugello and the Shrines of Montesenario, Madonna del Sasso and Madonna dei Tre Fiumi.
The old towns and small villages
Borgo San Lorenzo (main town), Vicchio (where Giotto was born), Scarperia (the famous knives of Scarperia , traditionally made for at least five centuries), San Piero a Sieve
The wine road
Following the course of the Sieve river we reach a hilly area famous since the Middle Ages for the production of two doc wines, Chianti Rufina and Pomino, and where we can follow an itinerary dedicated to the pleasures of wine by visiting ancient cellars and vineyards. Some of the historical wine cellars are inside the Castello del Trebbio, Castello di Nipozzano and inside the Torre a Decima.
One can walk for days and days, there are an infinite number of paths in an extremely suggestive natural setting.
The SO.F.T and CAI trails offer the opportunity to take short and easy walks or day excursions on a specific environment and historical-artistic theme.
The mountain biking or cycling enthusiasts will find Mugello the perfect spot.
The Lake di Bilancino offers pleasant opportunities for relaxing, beach facilities, fishing, sailing.
Golf Fans and Horse Lovers will find great facilities in Mugello.